P60 vs P45: A Detailed Comparison

P60 vs P45

Keeping track of money for employers and employees is very important, and payroll documents are a key part of that. In the United Kingdom, the P60 and P45 forms are important for payroll. These forms have specific jobs and are a big deal in the world of money. In this article, we will delve into the differences between P60 and P45, their uses, and how they contribute to a smooth payroll system.

What is P60? (An Overview):

The P60 form is a key part of the annual tax process in the United Kingdom. Think of it as a detailed summary that shows what you earned and paid in taxes from April 6th to April 5th. Employers give P60s to employees by May 31st each year. This document not only displays how much money you made but also breaks down how much income tax and National Insurance were taken from your salary. Besides assisting with taxes, the P60 is helpful for planning your finances. It gives you a clear picture of your money situation. Additionally, when you're applying for things like home loans or other money-related matters, the P60 is crucial. It acts as a snapshot of your earnings and tax history, helping you make informed decisions.So, the P60 does more than just deal with taxes – it helps you manage your money better.

Main Components of the P60:

Personal Information: 

The P60 has the employee's name, address, and National Insurance Number to make sure they are correctly identified.

Total Earnings: 

The form shows how much money the employee got in the whole tax year, including salary, bonuses, and other taxable benefits.

Tax Deductions: 

The P60 shows how much money was taken out for income tax and National Insurance from the employee's salary.

Employer Information: 

The P60 form includes the employer's name and address, connecting the employee with the company.

What is P45? (An Overview):

The P45 is an important paper that gets involved when someone finishes working for a specific company. It works like a big summary, holding key info about why the employee is leaving. This paper has personal stuff like the person's name, address, and National Insurance Number. One vital part is the tax code, which helps the new boss make sure they take out the right amount of tax. The P45 tells you how much money you earned and the tax deducted in the current tax year until you left your job. It also explains the reason for leaving, such as resigning, retiring, or being let go. This info is not just for show – it's an official record of the job relationship and helps the person move smoothly into a new job. The boss gives the P45 to the leaving employee, and all the little details help keep job and tax records correct and clear.

Main components of the P45:

Personal Details: 

The P45 has personal info like the employee's full name, address, and National Insurance Number. These details make sure we identify the person correctly and keep good records.

Tax Code:

An integral component of the P45 is the tax code. This code is crucial for the new employer, as it guides them in accurately calculating the tax deductions for the employee. It ensures a smooth transition in tax matters when moving from one job to another.

Earnings and Deductions: 

The P45 shows how much money someone earned in the current tax year until they left their job. It also tells the amount taken out for income tax and National Insurance. This info is important for both the person leaving the job and the new employer to understand the financial side of the change.

Reason for Leaving: 

Another important part is the section that tells why the person is leaving the job. Whether it's because they resigned, retired, or were let go, this info helps document what happened when the job ended.

Employer Information: 

The P45 has info about the employer, like the company name and address. This helps the person leaving their job and is important for the new employer to understand the previous job details.

P45 Parts: 

The P45 usually comes in four parts: Part 1A, Part 2, Part 3, and Part 1B. Each part has a different job. Part 1A goes to HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC), Part 2 is for the employee's records, Part 3 is for the new employer, and Part 1B is kept by the employer for their own records.

P60 vs P45 (The Differences between P60 and P45):

The P60 and P45 are two important papers in the UK's money system. They each do different jobs in keeping track of an employee's money. It's important for both bosses and workers to know the differences between these forms to report taxes correctly and keep financial things clear.

Issuance Frequency:

P60: Every year, employers give out this paper at the end of the tax year. It includes information from April 6th to April 5th.

P45:On the other hand, the P45 isn't a yearly paper. It's given when someone leaves a job and shows their money and tax info up to the leaving date.


P60: The main point of the P60 is to give employees a complete summary of how much they earned and how much tax was taken out in the whole tax year. It's really important for doing taxes and gives a yearly view of money stuff.

P45: The P45 keeps track when someone leaves a job. It tells why, like quitting, retiring, or being let go. This info helps the new employer figure out how much tax to take from the person.

Timeframe Covered:

P60: Covers the whole tax year, giving a complete look at earnings and deductions.

P45: Shows the time until the job ends, giving a quick look at the employee's money situation when they leave.

Continuation of Employment:

P60: Usually given to employees who stay with the same employer the whole tax year.

P45: Given when a person leaves a job, whether they choose to leave or are asked to leave. It's important for starting a new job.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

Can I receive a P60 if I change jobs within the tax year?

If you switch jobs during the year, you might get several P60s, one from each employer for the time you worked with them.

What should I do if I don't receive my P45 upon leaving a job?

If you don't get your P45, it's important to quickly reach out to your old employer. They have to give you this paper, and it's important for your taxes and work records.

Can I use my P60 for tax purposes if I have multiple employments during the tax year?

Sure, you can use the P60s from each job to do your taxes. This way, you make sure to report your total earnings and tax contributions correctly.

Is my new employer required to request a P45 from my previous employer when I start a new job?

Certainly, your new boss may ask for your P45 to make sure they calculate the tax code right. Giving them your P45 helps figure out the correct amount of tax to take from your salary.

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